Job Summary
UNICEF Zimbabwe Individual Consultancy to provide support to the Ministry of Health and Child Care on upscaling demand led sanitation and hygiene in Rural Areas of Zimbabwe

Job Number: 528352 | Vacancy Link
Locations: Africa: Zimbabwe
Work Type : Consultancy

UNICEF works in some of the world’s toughest places, to reach the world’s most disadvantaged children. To save their lives. To defend their rights. To help them fulfill their potential.

Across 190 countries and territories, we work for every child, everywhere, every day, to build a better world for everyone.

And we never give up.

For every child, good Water, Sanitation and Hygiene!

Duties And Responsibilities

A very small proportion of households (30%) in Zimbabwe have access to improved sanitation. The national rate of open defecation is at an unacceptably high level of 30% (MICS, 2014). Open defecation practice contributes to negative socio-economic impact on the health of population, especially children who bear the brunt of the health and nutritional impacts of unsafe stool disposal. Zimbabwe did not meet the Millennium Development Goals target on sanitation by 2015, and a downward trend has been noted in access to basic sanitation in the rural areas – the proportion of population with access to at least basic sanitation decreased from 46% in 2000 to 36% in 2017 (JMP 2019).

Limited access to water, sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services is one of the major causes of water- borne disease such as typhoid and cholera and is ranked as number three among the risk factors that drive the most death and disability in Zimbabwe. Diarrheal diseases are one of the top most killer diseases in Zimbabwe and a leading cause of death among children.

The main factors contributing to the low access to sanitation and hygiene services include low investment resulting in demand not matching the population growth, weak coordination and planning mechanisms, lack of leadership and oversight by the Ministry of Health and Child Care and lack of clear capacity development plans based on skills gap analysis. Generally, the national budget allocations to sanitation and drinking water are fragmented and insufficient to provide effective and efficient services to the unserved as well as to maintain existing services. The sanitation and hygiene sub-sector is fragmented among different Ministries, hence pausing coordination challenges and prioritisation of sanitation issues within the country’s development agenda. There is also limited involvement of private sector in addressing sanitation and hygiene issues in Zimbabwe. In addition, the enabling environment is also highly compromised by the lack of policy guidance, the National Sanitation and Hygiene Policy which has taken a long time for approval.

Zimbabwe is as signatory to the African regional commitments: The Ngor Declaration Developed by African Ministers responsible for Sanitation and Hygiene at AfricanSan 4, Senegal in May, 2015. The vision of the declaration is to ‘achieve universal access to adequate and sustainable sanitation and hygiene services and eliminate open defecation by 2030’. The draft National Sanitation and Hygiene Policy resonates well with this vision and aligns to the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6. Objective 2 of the UNICEF WASH Strategy for 2016-2030 also allude to ‘By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations’. However, as a country Zimbabwe have been found wanting in address challenges to realise the 2030 vision.

In response to the above protracted challenging situation, UNICEF has been supporting the Government of Zimbabwe to improve WASH service delivery in the rural districts using the demand led sanitation (DLS) approach through a programme entitled “Support to Improve Water and Sanitation in Rural areas – Zimbabwe” (popularly known as the Rural WASH Programme) The programme is funded by the Government of the United Kingdom (UK) through its Department for International Development (DfID). One of the key programme deliverables is to support targeted communities/villages to eliminate open defecation and increase latrine construction in 45 rural districts of the country using the demand led sanitation approach that was adopted in 2015. To date, a total of a total of 3,364 communities have attained Open Defecation Free (ODF) status in targeted RWP areas. This intervention has reached out to 225 wards out of the more than 1400 wards in the country.

Based on growing evidence on the that the DLS approach can yield considerable success in improving sanitation and hygiene service delivery, the Ministry of Health & Child Care (MoHCC) through the environmental health services department has now adopted the DLS approach as the national standard to accelerate progress in eliminating open defecation in Zimbabwe which is a positive step forward. However, the MoHCC lack adequate sanitation capacity and to this end has requested UNICEF for additional technical support to accelerate the sanitation progress of Zimbabwe (ref PS MoHCC letter of 6 Nov, 2019). This consultancy will support this request.

Qualifications And Experience
Qualifications and experience

Master’s Degree in environmental/Public Health, Sanitation Engineering, Social Sciences, Communication for Development (C4D), Development Studies applied to WASH, or other related field of study;
Minimum of 10 years’ experience with proven record of accomplishment and exposure with WASH programmes in developing countries especially on Sanitation and Hygiene, community demand led sanitation or community led total sanitation (CLTS) approaches, hygiene behavior change interventions, communication for development in WASH programming and cross-cutting areas including gender, disability and adolescents;
Prior experience in similar assessments especially will be an added advantage;
Experience with self-build approaches in infrastructure will be a distinct advantage;
Experience in monitoring & evaluating the effectiveness of the DLS approach initiatives;
Computer literacy, excellent writing skills and ability to produce high quality reports suitable for use at an elevated level;
Ability to deliver high quality products in the allotted time;
Demonstrated ability to work independently, take initiative and innovate;
Possess strong interpersonal skills, organization networking, ability to communicate effectively with varied partners;
Possess initiative and a drive to achieve results;
Excellent communication skills and ability to communicate fluently in English (written and spoken), while mastering or knowledge of other languages spoken in Zimbabwe would be an asset;
Experience in working with UN or similar agencies will be an advantage.


UNICEF’s Chief of WASH or his delegate will supervise the consultancy.

Administratively to maintain regular schedule of feedback and discussions on day to day deliverables with the MoHCC Director of Environmental Health Services.

How To Apply
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